Women Empowerment Essay If women are empowered, they can break limitations imposed by the family and society, and take their own decisions.
Synopsis This article provides a conceptual framework for research on the prevention of depression in youth and reviews the recent literature on prevention efforts targeting children and adolescents. Overall, it appears that there is reason for hope regarding the role of interventions in preventing depressive disorders in youth.
Several new directions for future research on the prevention of depression in youth were outlined. It is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in the world today [ 2 ], and places a significant economic burden on society [ 34 ].
In recent years, researchers and policy makers have recognized the importance of focusing on prevention efforts for depression. Prevention requires a paradigm shift from traditional disease models, in which symptoms are treated when they emerge, to a proactive focus on mental health and on maximizing protective factors while reducing risk factors for mental illness [ 6 ].
In this article, we will review depression prevention efforts that aim to promote mental health and prevent the onset of depressive disorder in children and adolescents. We will begin by reviewing the epidemiology of youth depression, and will then outline a conceptual framework for depression prevention research.
We will then review the research on depression prevention programs for youth. Finally, we will discuss directions for future research, and key issues to consider when developing and evaluating depression prevention efforts. Epidemiology of Youth Depression Like depression in adulthood, youth depression is quite common [ 7 ].
One-half of first episodes of depression occur during adolescence [ 13 ], and early onset depression is associated with a chronic, episodic course of illness [ 8 ]. Similar to adult depression, adolescent depression frequently is persistent and recurring [ 71011 ].
Adolescent depression is associated with negative long-term functional and psychiatric outcomes, including impairment in school, work, interpersonal relationships, and substance abuse [ 17 — 23 ].
Of particular note is the association between adolescent depression and suicidal behavior. Suicide is the third leading cause of death in adolescents [ 24 ]. Over a 1-year period, Evidence-based treatments for youth depression, such as cognitive-behavioral therapy and interpersonal approaches, are associated with benefits that, for some, persist over time [ 2627 ].
However, most depressed youth do not receive treatment for depressive symptoms or disorder [ 28 ]. When they do receive treatment, although many adolescents respond well to cognitive-behavioral treatment approaches, about half of the depressed children who respond well relapse within 2 years of terminating treatment [ 29 ].
Likewise, even adolescents who respond well to combined treatments for youth depression e. Finally, recent data suggest that duration of depression moderates treatment outcome, such that the longer the duration of a depressive episode, the less likely it is to respond to evidence-based treatments [ 31 ].
Overall, while treatment for youth depression is important and can be beneficial, many who receive treatment for depression do not respond, have residual symptoms, or experience relapses of disorder [ 32 — 35 ].
Given the high prevalence and costs of youth depression, the connection between early onset depression, and recurrence of the disorder in adulthood, the impairment associated with youth depression, and the difficulty in treating depression once it has developed, efforts to prevent depression are warranted.
The importance of preventing depressive disorder through the development and evaluation of preventive interventions was highlighted by the Institute of Medicine IOM Report [ 6 ], Preventing Mental Disorders [ 36 ], and has been emphasized by numerous recent expert panels [ 3738 ].
The IOM report defined prevention as interventions that occur before the onset of the disorder, and that are designed to prevent the occurrence of the disorder.A large number of research trials have shown the effectiveness of depression medications in relieving the symptoms of teen depression.
One key recent study, funded by the National Institute of. The Prevention of Adolescent Depression. Prevention requires a paradigm shift from traditional disease models, in which symptoms are treated when they emerge, to a proactive focus on mental health and on maximizing protective factors while reducing risk factors for mental illness.
In this article, we will review depression prevention. As adolescents are regularly exposed to interpersonal stressors (Rudolph, ), we also examined stress generation models of depression, which propose that specific vulnerability factors predict relational, or interpersonal, stressors, that in turn, contribute to adolescent depression.
Adolescent or teenage depression is a mental and emotional disorder. Symptoms in teens are different than in adults. Read about the differences and treatments. This widespread yet underrated phenomenon is called as depression.
Depression - The underrated weapon. I am going to touch upon a topic that is often neglected. This widespread yet underrated phenomenon is called as depression.
It’s a curable yet a deadly disease that can cost your life, if not cured at the right time. Even a perfectly. The underrated prevalence of depression in Japanese patients with rheumatoid arthritis - evidence from a Nationwide survey in Japan Rosarin Sruamsiri1,2, tion  but for cardiovascular disease , myocardial infarc-tion , and mortality .
Patients with RA are at greater.