Taken at its simplest, money laundering is a process by which the origins and ownership of money, generated as a result of criminal activity, can be concealed. This process is usually completed several times.
See other articles in PMC that cite the published article. This systematic literature review was undertaken to guide decision-makers and others to plan for and implement integrated health systems.
This review identified 10 universal principles of successfully integrated healthcare systems which may be used by decision-makers to assist with integration efforts.
These principles define key areas for restructuring and allow organizational flexibility and adaptation to local context. The literature does not contain a one-size-fits-all model or process for successful integration, nor is there a firm empirical foundation for specific integration strategies and processes.
Introduction Staff shortages, continuing cost inflation and service demand have intensified the call for more effective and efficient use of scarce resources through integrated service delivery models Fleury ; Powell Davies Integrated health systems are widely considered to provide superior performance in terms of quality and safety as a result of effective communication and standardized protocols, although these outcomes have not been fully demonstrated Gillies et al.
Despite the growing enthusiasm for integration, information related to implementing and evaluating integration-related initiatives is dispersed and not easily accessible. There is little guidance for planners and decision-makers on how to plan and implement integrated health systems. With evidence-informed decision-making as an expectation in healthcare management and policy Cooksonthere is a need to seek out and apply current knowledge on health systems integration to advance effective service delivery.
Systematic reviews can serve as a tool for evidence-based decision-making for health planners and policy makers Cookson ; Fox ; Lavis et al.
A systematic review was conducted with the goal of summarizing the current research literature on health systems integration.
It focused on definitions, processes and impact of integrated health service delivery systems. The review was undertaken in response to the information needs expressed by some health system managers and administrators in Alberta charged with the mandate to plan for and implement integrated service delivery models Suter et al.
This article will highlight the principles that were frequently and consistently presented as key elements for successful integration in the reviewed literature. The full report is accessible at http: Methods The methods of this review were based on recommendations for systematic review for evidence-based clinical practice Higgins and Green ; Khan et al.
Before initiating the search, draft research questions were validated by 21 decision makers in Alberta to ensure practice relevancy. Search terms included delivery of healthcare, integrated, organizational integration, integrated health services, integrated healthcare, care coordination and health services integration.
This yielded 3, health sciences abstracts and business abstracts that were reviewed and rated for relevancy by three investigators; from those abstracts, health sciences articles and 60 business articles were selected for full review.
Each article was rated for quality, and key information was extracted and validated by more than one investigator. Based on the quality and relevancy ratings, health sciences articles and 29 business articles were included in the review.
Results No unified or commonly agreed upon conceptual model for health systems integration was found in the literature reviewed. Despite the diversity of approaches and strategies for health systems integration found, authors across articles associated a number of principles with successful integration processes and models.
These principles were independent of type of integration model, healthcare context or patient population served.
From the many principles described, 10 were frequently and consistently presented Table 1 and are discussed below.Integration – This is the movement of previously laundered money into the economy mainly through the banking system and thus such monies appear to be normal business earnings.
This is dissimilar to layering, for in the integration process detection and identification of laundered funds . Strategic Management Chapter 7. STUDY. PLAY. Claude holds a large number of shares of Bayou Beauty, a regional brewing company that is considered a likely takeover target by a major international brewer.
It would probably be in Claude's financial interest if Bayou Beauty's owners a. the integration process after acquisition requires. process, and while distinct from the method used to generate the randomized sequence, is crucial to the Eliminating Bias in Randomized Controlled Trials: Importance of Allocation Concealment and Masking Anthony J.
Viera, MD, MPH; Shrikant I. Bangdiwala, PhD whether randomization was successful or whether there was a . Military Deception and Its Goals, Objectives, Functions, and Principles. Military deception • Integration. Fully integrate each MILDEC with the operation that it is supporting.
MILDEC Means, Tactics, process of identifying MILDEC objectives to complement. Through an integration with Zapier, Startup UCLA’s team of consultants have streamlined scheduling, data processing and communications.
They automatically push data from each meeting to a Google sheet and send the invitee's email information to their MailChimp newsletter subscription. 2 Deloitte Integration Report Executive Summary While the juggernaut of merger and acquisition activity persists— was a strong year with more than 40, deals announced1—there is no shortage of studies indicating that mergers and acquisitions (M&A).