Pre-Communist forerunners[ edit ] Ever since the birth of the organized labor movement, economic disputes have been contested in the legal system.
A representative of the communists attended the first trial in Scottsboro and immediately realized the case had the potential to energize a large constituency.
Earl Russell Browder, general secretary of the American Communist Party at the time, later claimed, "The communists were the first to initiate organized action on behalf of the blacks. We were the ones that made the Scottsboro Case. The rest of the country would never have been interested in it if we hadn't made it an international issue.
Joseph Brodsky of the I. Brodsky then met with the young defendants and gained their confidence, guaranteeing they would have a stronger defense than they had at the first trial. The defendants were easily swayed by both organizations, but ultimately the I.
To dispel accusations that they were going to martyr the Boys for propaganda purposes, the I. Leibowitz was one of the most successful defense attorneys of the day, and he took the case with the understanding that he would not receive any fees.
In two lawyers associated with the I.
This was the most egregious of several public acts and protests that Leibowitz felt were detrimental to the work of the defense. He compared the stupidity of the attempted bribery to an assassination of the defendants.
Their already strained relationship broke, and Leibowitz continued to defend the boys under the auspices of the American Scottsboro Committee A. A year later, the conflict between the I. As just one voting member in the group, the I.
Learn More Related Features.The International Labor Defense (I.L.D.), the legal arm of the Communist Party of the United States of America, was formed in to counter groups like the Ku Klux Klan and to defend high.
While the Scottsboro case made national headlines, the defense team was stymied in its legal attempts to achieve the defendants' freedom. The Supreme Court granted the defendants a new trial due to inadequate counsel, and the ILD retained the services of a noted defense attorney, Samuel Leibowitz, to take up the case.
Convicted and facing execution, the case of Charlie Weems, Ozie Powell, Clarence Norris, Olen Montgomery, Willie Roberson, Haywood Patterson, Eugene Williams, and Andrew and Leroy Wright sparked international demonstrations and succeeded in both highlighting the racism of the American legal system and in overturning the conviction.
Established by the Communist Party of the United States of America as its legal defense arm in to aid labor, political prisoners, and victims of reactionary violence. Using mass demonstrations and publicity, the International Labor Defense (ILD) conducted national and worldwide campaigns to gather support for its cases.
We seek to build on the past achievements of the working class to revive International Labor Defense. The original ILD () mobilized worldwide campaigns in political and legal defense of Sacco and Vanzetti, the Scottsboro Boys, Cuban sugar workers, sharecroppers in the US South, and many more cases.
The Scottsboro case also pitted the NAACP against the Communist Party in a and International Labor Defense, And when the Scottsboro case emerged, the ILD saw an opportunity not just to.