Executive Summary There is a need to develop appropriate opportunities for people with disabilities throughout their life course. The provision of access for people with disabilities to quality physical activity and sporting opportunities must be addressed on an equal basis with those of their non-disabled peers.
Background[ edit ] Resilience is generally thought of as a "positive adaptation" after a stressful or adverse situation. Resilience is the integrated adaptation of physical, mental and spiritual aspects in a set of "good or bad" circumstances, a coherent sense of self that is able to maintain normative developmental tasks that occur at various stages of life.
Resiliency allows a person to rebound from adversity as a strengthened and more resourceful person. History[ edit ] The first research on resilience was published in The study used epidemiologywhich is the study of disease prevalence, to uncover the risks and the protective factors that now help define resilience.
She studied a cohort of children from KauaiHawaii.
Kauai was quite poor and many of the children in the study grew up with alcoholic or mentally ill parents. Many of the parents were also out of work. However, one-third of these youngsters did not exhibit destructive behaviours.
Werner called the latter group 'resilient'. Resilience also emerged as a major theoretical and research topic from the studies of children with mothers diagnosed with schizophrenia in the s.
On the other hand, some children of ill parents thrived well and were competent in academic achievement, and therefore led researchers to make efforts to understand such responses to adversity.
Since the onset of the research on resilience, researchers have been devoted to discovering the protective factors that explain people's adaptation to adverse conditions, such as maltreatment,  catastrophic life events,  or urban poverty. Researchers endeavor to uncover how some factors e.
It is often mistakenly assumed to be a trait of the individual, an idea more typically referred to as "resiliency". When people are faced with an adverse condition, there are three ways in which they may approach the situation. Erupt with anger Implode with overwhelming negative emotions, go numb, and become unable to react Simply become upset about the disruptive change Only the third approach promotes well-being.
It is employed by resilient people, who become upset about the disruptive state and thus change their current pattern to cope with the issue.
The first and second approaches lead people to adopt the victim role by blaming others and rejecting any coping methods even after the crisis is over. These people prefer to instinctively react, rather than respond to the situation. Those who respond to the adverse conditions by adapting themselves tend to cope, spring back, and halt the crisis.
Negative emotions involve fear, anger, anxiety, distress, helplessness, and hopelessness which decrease a person's ability to solve the problems they face and weaken a person's resiliency.
Constant fears and worries weaken people's immune system and increase their vulnerability to illnesses. These factors are likely to play a more important role, the greater the individual's exposure to cumulative risk factors.
Three notable bases for resilience—self-confidence, self-esteem and self-concept —all have roots in three different nervous systems—respectively, the somatic nervous systemthe autonomic nervous system and the central nervous system.
Positive correlations stands with personality traits of openness and positive emotionality, that represents tendencies to engage and confront the world with confidence in success and a fair value to self-directedness. Studies show that maintaining positive emotions whilst facing adversity promote flexibility in thinking and problem solving.
Positive emotions serve an important function in their ability to help an individual recover from stressful experiences and encounters. That being said, maintaining a positive emotionality aids in counteracting the physiological effects of negative emotions.
It also facilitates adaptive coping, builds enduring social resources, and increases personal well-being.Once you are finished, you should be able to discuss the physical, social, and emotional benefits of participating in sports. To unlock this lesson you must be a grupobittia.com Member.
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Play is essential to development because it contributes to the cognitive, physical, social, and emotional well-being of children and youth. Play also offers an ideal opportunity for parents to engage fully with their children.
Despite the benefits derived from play for both children and parents, time for free play has been markedly reduced for some children. Psychological resilience is the ability to successfully cope with a crisis and to return to pre-crisis status quickly.
Resilience exists when the person uses "mental processes and behaviors in promoting personal assets and protecting self from the potential negative effects of stressors".
In simpler terms, psychological resilience exists in people who develop psychological and behavioral. The contribution of sport participation to overall health enhancing physical activity levels in Australia: a population-based study Young J, Harvey J, Charity M, Payne W.
A systematic review of the psychological and social benefits of participation in sport for adults: Informing development of a conceptual model of health through sport. Benefits of Exercise and Physical Activity for Psychological Health and Well-being In addition to its effects on physiological variables and a variety of chronic diseases and conditions, there is.
The evidence relating to health benefits of physical activity predominantly focuses on intra-personal factors such as physiological, cognitive and affective benefits, however, that does not exclude the social and inter-personal benefits of sport and physical activity which can also produce positive health effects in individuals and communities.